The Mughals were an Islamic dynasty that inherited many Persian cultural traditions, yet ruled a diverse empire of numerous small regional kingdoms where the majority followed various Hindu practices.
One of the first Mughal emperors to lift many of the restrictions imposed on the Hindu population by the Muslim dynasty was Akbar. He revoked a special tax on all non-Muslims, married a Hindu princess and allowed her to continue her traditional practices within the confines of the Mughal court.
Although Akbar was a Sunni Muslim, he patronized saints associated with Sufism, a mystical branch of Islam. He entertained representatives of all major faiths, including Christian emissaries from Europe and actively encouraged dialogue, even proposing a hybrid form of religion that incorporated many of these different beliefs.
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