While Henry Moore created abstract sculptures and work based on animal forms, his primary subject was the human figure. Moore was inspired by the human body, by organic shapes found in nature and by the sculpture of ancient and exotic cultures such as Egypt, Sumeria, Africa and pre-Columbian Mexico. He collected the art of indigenous cultures as well as stones, pebbles, skulls and bones, all of which informed his sculpture. Surrealism, the modern European art and literary movement with a tendency toward abstract and organic forms, was also a major influence. Moore loved to create fluid forms of reclining or seated women. Male and female pairs, the mother and child motif and family units were among the archetypal themes he explored.
Moore carved in wood and marble, but is best known for his cast work in bronze. The Kansas City Sculpture Park at The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art is home to 13 monumental bronze sculptures:
Moore was prolific and known for his use of universal themes and his undulating and vivacious sculpture expressing the fundamentals of human experience.
Moore was born on July 30, 1898, in the Yorkshire town of Castleford, England, and died on August 31, 1986, in Much Hadham.